Chelsea midfielder Eden Hazard is among six other Premier League players picked by France Football magazine for the prestigious prize.
David de Gea, Philippe Coutinho and Sadio Mane, Kevin de Bruyne and N’Golo Kante, have also been chosen.
Gareth Bale misses out, while Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi are selected.
Kane, 24, has been picked on the shortlist for the first time after scoring 43 goals in 37 games for club and country in 2017.
Wales forward Bale, 28, has only scored five goals for Real Madrid this year, struggling for form and fitness at the end of last season.
Real Madrid forward Ronaldo, 32, beat Barcelona’s Messi to win the award for a fourth time last year.
Messi, 30, has claimed the prize on five occasions, while no player other than the Argentine or his Portuguese rival has won since Brazil midfielder Kaka in 2007.